This is how you would lead into a block quote:  "In The Things They Carried , the items carried by soldiers in the Vietnam war are used to both characterize them and burden the readers with the weight they are carrying: The things they carried were largely determined by necessity. Among the necessities or near-necessities were P can openers, pocket knives, heat tabs, wristwatches, dog tags, mosquito repellent, chewing gum, candy cigarettes, salt tablets, packets of Kool-Aid, lighters, matches, sewing kits, Military Payment Certificates, C rations, and two or three canteens of water.
Indent the block quote by. Press the tab key to move the lines over. Make sure your entire quote is indented so that your reader will recognize that it's set off from the rest of the text. Use an ellipsis to omit a word or words from a direct quote. Sometimes you want to shorten a quote to help your reader better understand why it supports your argument.
To cut out a word or words, you just need to put an ellipsis Put brackets around words you need to add to a quote for clarification. Sometimes you need to add a word or words to a quote in order for your reader to understand it. This can help you explain pronouns used in the direct quote or further explain what a quote is referencing. A block quote requires more commentary than a short quote. At a minimum, write sentences analyzing the quote and linking it back to your thesis. However, you may need to provide longer commentary to fully explain the quote to your reader.
You can't expect the reader to connect the quote back to your thesis for you. Paraphrase the quote to condense it to 1 or 2 sentences, if you can.
Paraphrasing is a great way to avoid using a long quote in your paper. Unless the author's original words are necessary to make your point, rewrite the passage in your own words. Try to condense the original author's ideas into 1 or 2 sentences that support your argument.
Then, incorporate your paraphrase into your paragraph, without using quotation marks. However, do include a citation to let your reader know where you found those ideas. However, let's say you were using a journal article to provide a critic's perspective on an author's work. You may not need to directly quote an entire paragraph word-for-word to get their point across. Instead, use a paraphrase.
In many cases, you'll use the author's name, but this isn't always necessary. Presentation is loading. If a quote is longer than 4 typed lines, set it off from the rest of the paragraph, and don't put quotes around it. The documentation style used in this handout is that presented in the MLA Handbook , 8 th edition , the most common citation style for literary analysis papers. Formatting may influence your grade, so use these tips to make sure that you format your quotations correctly! Town 5. Show less
Add the year and another comma. After the date, put a comma and then the page numbers. Prepare a Works Cited or References page. Each style guide has its own requirements for listing your reference sources, so make sure you follow the style guide you're using to format your paper. On this page, list all of your sources in alphabetical order, along with the publishing information.
This allows your reader to find the sources you used in your paper.
This might include an expert opinion, study results, or statistics. Make sure the quote is something you can analyze. Avoid using too many direct quotes in your paper. Using a lot of direct quotes will take away from your own ideas. This can undermine your argument and make you lose credibility with your reader. Try not to use more than 1 direct quote in a paragraph.
Instead, use a paraphrase or a summary to support your ideas. However, you still need to cite the sources you used.
No, that is what the citation is for. As long as you are giving appropriate credit to the author when quoting, that is all that is required. Yes No. Not Helpful 3 Helpful This depends upon the citation method being used. For example, if you are using MLA, you can use author's last name and then the year in parentheses: "Quote," Doe, If you don't know the author's last name, then use the article title: "Quote" Title of Article, Not Helpful 7 Helpful If the text I'm quoting is written in all capital letters, do I need to quote it in all caps?
No, you may follow the regular rules of capitalization for your quote, unless only portions of it were capitalized for emphasis. Not Helpful 10 Helpful Not Helpful 2 Helpful 5. You quote spoken words the same way you would a written quote, however, you cite the quote by referencing the medium in which it is spoken e. Not Helpful 16 Helpful Whenever you use a direct quote, acknowledge the quote by placing it inside quotation marks and naming the author. Whenever you paraphrase content — ideas, written text, or thoughts — place the credit within your research paper where your paraphrase occurs and at the end of the paper in the bibliography.
Whenever you use photos, images, or other art, name the artist or creator underneath the image. Not Helpful 6 Helpful 9. Is there an issue with having personal pronouns in a quotation for an essay? As long as the personal pronouns are in the quotation, it is perfectly fine. Be sure to clarify who the pronoun refers to.
Don't use personal pronouns when writing, however. You want the essay to be professional.
Approach it from a third-party standpoint. Only use personal pronouns if they are quoted from a text.
Not Helpful 1 Helpful 3. If I am going to quote something that was said in a lecture, what do I put instead of a page number?
Allaire, Tanya. Last name, first name lecturer 2. Tittle 3. Town 5. Not Helpful 7 Helpful 7. Write a saying exactly as it was spoken, and add any punctuation marks to make it grammatically correct. Not Helpful 10 Helpful 9. In your bibliography, it would be formatted as, "The Movie. In the essay, you can just put the movie title in parentheses after the quote. Not Helpful 3 Helpful 2. Unanswered Questions. How do I quote a character in a book? Do I need to include the name of the character, the book title and the page number?
Quoting is not just about referencing a few lines of text that seem vaguely relevant. All examples follow the MLA style rules. In academic writing, nearly every quotation is made up of three parts: a signal phrase, the quote itself, and some kind of citation:. The quotation can be long or short.
Now that we know the three basic parts of a quotation, we can zoom in a little more. Most quotations share the following details:. Most of the time you need mention only the author and the page or line number. Any other details should be saved for the works cited page. For example, you should mention titles only if they are directly relevant to your argument or if you are citing multiple works by the same author. Quotations are categorized by the way they are introduced, and there are three different signal phrases.
One of the easiest ways to introduce a quotation is to announce who the speaker or author is and to add a verb that describes the way in which the idea is expressed:. Now it should be pointed out that your signal phrase can include quite a bit more than the author and the verb. Notice, however, that at the core of these signal phrases we still have the author and the verb. In all such cases we use a comma between the signal phrase and the quotation. Next we have a more stately way to introduce quotations. The formal introduction consists of an independent clause that typically makes a claim about the quotation that follows.
The quotation then acts as proof or evidence of the signal phrase:. Note that the formal introduction does not need to have a verb of expression writes, believes, argues, etc. It just needs to be a complete sentence that allows us to make sense of the quotation. In addition, just as with the short expression, the quotation is usually a complete sentence too.
The one exception is if the quotation is an appositive phrase:. If you find this an awkward construction, then just use the next method of integrating quotations: the run-in quotation.