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The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Definition The title summarizes the main idea or ideas of your study. Indicate accurately the subject and scope of the study. Avoid using abbreviations.
Use words that create a positive impression and stimulate reader interest. Use current nomenclature from the field of study.
A good title contains the fewest possible words that adequately describe the contents and/or purpose of your research paper. The title is without. By contrast, research paper titles that are not descriptive are usually passed over, even though they may be good research papers with.
Identify key variables, both dependent and independent. May reveal how the paper will be organized. Suggest a relationship between variables which supports the major hypothesis.
Is limited to 10 to 15 substantive words. Do not include "study of," "analysis of" or similar constructions.
Titles are usually in the form of a phrase, but can also be in the form of a question. Use correct grammar and capitalization with all first words and last words capitalized, including the first word of a subtitle. If you come up with a good idea in the meanwhile, just write it down and continue with your work.
In instances when your essay is about a book, you can take a fragment of a thought-provoking quote from the book. As a rule of thumb, a title, including the subtitle, should be between 5 and 15 words. It is possible to also describe the reach of your research. Yes, you can come up with a working title and write it in the top corner, but it does not mean that it should remain the same after you are done with an essay. Bear in mind that even in witty titles, you should avoid using jargon. Divorce Should we reform laws to make it harder to get a divorce?
Once you are ready with the whole text, you can return to the title and decide on the final version. In some cases, this strategy can make a huge difference because you may get so distracted from all the editing and rewriting that you may simply forget to make changes to the title as well. Each of these three types is useful and you should choose a format depending on what kind of information you want to convey to your audience.
Declarative titles are generally used in research articles and they convey the largest amount of information.
They are also good if you want to emphasize the technical side of the research you have carried out. Interrogative titles, on the other hand, are less common and they are more suitable for literature review articles.
Here are a few tips that can help you avoid some of the most common mistakes when writing titles:. Take the time to write a few possible titles and to experiment using different types or alternative formulations Hays, In this way, you will be able to analyze how they would function in reality and possibly generate some new ideas. Sometimes, just by looking at different variants, you can come up with a better idea that combines the best aspects of two or more tentative titles.
If you like this post, you can also check out our tips for writing a good abstract.
American Psychological Association. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 6 th ed. Washington DC: Author. Hartley, J.
Academic writing and publishing: A practical guidebook. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
New ways of making academic articles easier to read. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology , 12 1 , Hays, J.
Eight recommendations for writing titles of scientific manuscripts. Public Health Nursing , 27 2 , Jamali, H.
Article title type and its relation with the number of downloads and citations. Scientometrics , 88 2 , — Martin Vasilev is a final year undergraduate student of Psychology at the University of Sofia, Bulgaria, and the author of some of the most popular posts on JEPS Bulletin see for example, his post on the most common mistakes in APA style was the most read in the JEPS Bulletin in and his post on writing literature reviews, which was reprinted in the MBA Edge, a magazine for prospective postgraduate students in Malaysia.