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Considering that pet food is a multibillion-dollar industry there are a multitude of brands, types, and numerous ways of how the Continue Reading. With the Second Plan, began the more serious phase of the food problem in the country. The issue can be effectively addressed only when this is set right. Malnutrition, starvation and occasional famines have been more or less endemic under Indian conditions. Contingency Plans and Compensatory Production Programmes have to be prepared.
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Views Read Edit View history. Also, it has given rise to many negative environmental issues that have yet to be addressed adequately. Indian agriculture is facing new challenges. The potential of the Green Revolution varieties appears to have exhausted. The yield barriers have to be broken through research and development. A large number of farmers have yet to adopt the existing yield increasing technologies. Extension access to such farmers should be ensured for wider acceptance of the existing technologies. The indirect benefits to the poor due to another technological breakthrough in agriculture are likely to be weaker in the future as globalization and trade in agricultural commodities makes food prices less responsive to local production.
Diversification in crop production, value addition and agri-business development in the rural sector hold the key to livelihood security in rural areas. By building on the strengths of Green Revolution, while seeking to avoid its weaknesses, scientists and policy makers can take significant steps towards achieving sustainable food security in the country.
The Green Revolution has been an important contributor to the growth of food grain output in the last forty years. Current strategies of agricultural development must take into account the need for sustainability enhancing technologies and the changes in international trade scenario.
Issues such as suitable technologies for rainfed areas, resource management, better livelihood strategies and trade should be Incorporated In the policy and its implementation assured at all costs. The effect of the application of the new technology was that there was increase in production of food grains from to Of the food-grains produced the greatest impact of Green Revolution Is to be seen on the production of wheat.
But the harmful social effect of the Green Revolution was also soon visible. It has been established that disparities in income have been widened by these innovations in agriculture. Agricultural input and improved chemical fertilizers were largely cornered by rich landlords. Besides, the poor farmers also found themselves handicapped by small farms of land and inadequate water supply. Given the need for complete agricultural techniques and inputs, the Green revaluation tended to have its most concentrated application on large farms.
As a concentration of the new technology to large farms, the Inequalities have further Increased. The small farmers have been adversely affected by a growing tendency among the large farmers to reclaim land previously leased out under tenancy agreement, which has been made profitable by higher returns from new technology. The small farmer has been increasingly pushed into the rank of the landless labourer. There has been increase in higher level of rent with land value soaring. Prime Minister of India Dr.
He was optimistic on the 7 per cent GDP growth that year and his government would unleash a new Green revolution to obtain fast agricultural growth. India had good monsoon for successive nine years since and is now poised to have the tenth successive good monsoon.
In the expectation of good and normal monsoon, the target of food production has been fixed at MT for But in spite of good monsoon last year, food-grain production slumped to Mt against the target monsoon and unfavorable weather conditions at the procurement time of Rabi crops. But the following year it came down to MT. The food-grain production in was the highest India ever achieved. It meant kg per person per year. China produces kg. Per person per year and still they find insufficient and so import food-grains.
It shows how underfed are people in India. As per the standard of nutrition norm, there should be kg. Food-grain per person per year. Obviously, our present food-grain production is much less than our needs and so the fact in India is a malnourished nation and about 30 crore Indians suffer from starvation and hunger.
The present rate of increase in food production is 4 MT per year but we need it to be 5. This increase is essential to achieve self-sufficiency in this sector. India population has been increasing at the rate 2 per cent per year. Moreover, it is doubtful if even this target of MT will be achieved.
Fortunately was have had good monsoons for the last ten years, but if the monsoon fails, it will be really disastrous because only 27 per cent of our cultivated land is irrigated. As such, there is hardly any scope for complacency.
Unless there is new thrust to increase the productivity of food-grains, the gap between the requiremt5n and availability cannot be bridged. The demand of food-grains in India is far less than the actual need because the people are poor and their purchasing power is absolutely low. Therefore, the air of self-sufficiency is artificial and false in regard to food-grain production.
Actually we will need about MT of food-grains by the turn of the vestry itself which is just 3 years away.
Unless we adopt a strategy of higher production and target MT by the year , we shall be left far behind and this is not an unrealistic target if we tighten our belt and take appropriate measures to improve the irrigation facilities, check the soil degradation, which is over a million hectares per year, and have definite programme and policy in the sphere of biological production. We need more and more technology in agriculture based on sound and fundamental research of our scientists. There is addiction of 45, new mouths to feed every day.
It means there is increase of 31 persons every minute in our population.